Monday, August 24, 2020
Basic Economics.Which economic system is best suited for handling a crisis of epic proportions? Essay
Fundamental Economics Presentation Which monetary framework is most appropriate for dealing with an emergency of incredible scale? Ã Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã In the occurrence of risks, fiascos, threatsÃ¢ just as dealing with crisisÃ¢â¬â¢s of epic proportionsÃ¢ , for example, storms, fires, snowstorms and floods among others, work of the Socialist framework helps administrations at all levels deal with and oversee such rates . The framework is efficient, proactive and guides divisions at all degrees of the administration organization, NGOs, just as the private area to function as a group and handle such emergency paying little mind to the size, the multifaceted design, the source and the area (Kornai and Oxford University Press, 1992). Moreover, it gives a mix of help from various segments. Ã In this case, the framework diminishes and here and there forestall death toll, the loss of property and ecological pulverizations from rates of any level. Basically, it gives a typical methodology in overseeing frequencies. For this situation, the communism framework assumes a significant job in offering arra ngements as the administration pays each and every individual who works inside the conditions. As most fiascos are neighborhood, the quick network, the gatherings inside the region and the people inside go about as the specialists on call for a cataclysm henceforth utilization of the communist framework serves the best. This inspires people to help and help the individuals out of luck. Above all, the communist framework is the best framework in overseeing emergency as it shows individuals inside the general public the significance of living respectively, sharing effects and helping each other during the critical crossroads. Why a communist framework may be the best in reacting to the requirements of individuals struck by a crisis like the quake that happened in Haiti in January 2010? Communist social orders give prompt answers for offer earnest and controlled answers for crises and all the more so debacles of immeasurable scope as the one endured in Haiti in 2010. This is on the grounds that the framework can call for help for a bigger scope since it plans on the blend of open, private and government claimed operations(Marangos and Palgrave Connect (Online assistance), 2013). Ã The occurrence of the tremor that happened in Haiti was so calamitous to such an extent that it prompted breakdown of structures that caused the passings of thousands of individuals and left many harmed without food and fundamental commodities(Marangos and Palgrave Connect (Online assistance), 2013) . In spite of the fact that the US government and the UN offered essential help and help in salvage and arrangement of fundamental wares, the communist framework could have worked better. Communist people group utilize the framework to guarantee a typical base to benefit the country and human needs and give a typical methodology in giving an answer. The framework illuminates people in general to accept the fundamental measures just as abstaining from holding up the administration to bring an answer by perceiving that every individual has a task to carry out. It functions admirably on the grounds that it premise its undertakings in quick refocusing and revamping of endeavors. Why it costs more to warm our homes in the winter? Ã Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ In the laws of gracefully and request, when the interest of items goes up, the cost of the items commonly goes up. In case of the increased expenses of warming up our homes throughout the winter, a similar law applies. For example, since everybody in the market endeavors to buy items for warming their homes, the interest shoots up thus the costs significantly increment. Accordingly, if request increments and the gracefully stay unaltered, a deficiency is set up consequently a higher harmony costs (Gottheil, 1998). In winter, the equivalent applies as the vitality supplies continues as before as the interest expands overwhelmingly a viewpoint that means raised bills for clients. For example, change in climate conditions fills in as the central point concerning why customers pay more as far as vitality utilized throughout the winter. References Marangos, J., and Palgrave Connect (Online assistance). (2013). Consistency and suitability of communist Ã financial frameworks. New York NY: Palgrave Macmillan. Gottheil, F. M. (1998). Standards of financial matters. South-Western school distributing. Kornai, J., and Oxford University Press. (1992). The Socialist framework: The political economy of Ã Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ Ã¢ socialism. Oxford: Clarendon Press.
Saturday, August 22, 2020
Linux circulations - Essay Example This not just accepts huge measure of consumption just as important HR. In this manner, most organizations select redistributing and take advantage of readymade programming bundles. Linux based open source programming bundles just as exclusive programming are accessible to decide to suit the necessity. Every one of them has their own benefits and faults, which ought to be logically weighed before settling on a choice. Free programming are either liberated from cost or their source codes are accessible in open area. Most definitely it needs to prepare their workers just as to get steady help from the product merchant. A decent IT framework consistently guarantees exceptional yield over ventures made in it. So the enormous organizations couldn't care less much about the cost included rather think about its adaptability, dependability and a solid emotionally supportive network. In this undertaking we will examine about work area and server release of three LINUX based executions, Red Hat, Ubuntu and Novell and the standard Windows based frameworks. Decisively, we will endeavor to suggest a specific bundle based on the result of such conversation. While buying programming for a venture activity, the fundamental point is to help its representatives to robotize and upgrade the tasks of the association with least possibility for mistakes. So as to accomplish the said objective, granting sufficient preparing to its workers or to enlist prepared experts to apply the framework for the ideal advantage of the association gets unavoidable. So as to choose proper programming to suit the necessities, Red Hat, Ubuntu and NovellÃ¢â¬â¢s SUSE based OS are being mulled over. In fact the preparation spurs the representatives just as raises their trust in utilizing the product to meet the prerequisites. RedHat: as far as prepared experts and ensured preparing program, Red cap tops other Linux dispersions. RedHat preparing focuses are spread over the globe and
Saturday, July 25, 2020
5 Personality Traits of Extroverts August 19, 2019 More in Theories Personality Psychology Myers-Briggs Type Indicator Behavioral Psychology Cognitive Psychology Developmental Psychology Social Psychology Biological Psychology Psychosocial Psychology Do you love meeting new people? Does a big social event leave you feeling energized and renewed? If you can answer yes to these questions, then there is a possibility that you might just be an extrovert. 1:33 Signs You May Be An Extrovert There is a lot of talk these days about the distinction between extroverts and introverts, which is often treated as an either/or trait. Introversion and extroversion are one of the major personality dimensions that make up the five-factor model of personality. According to this theory, personality is made up of five broad dimensions. Each dimension, including extroversion/introversion, exists on a continuum. While some people might tend to be at the extreme end of either side of the continuum, most people are somewhere more in the middle. ?? So while you might have a lot of traits that make you an extrovert, you might also find yourself sometimes exhibiting traits that are more introverted in nature. Verywell / Joshua Seong What Exactly Is an Extrovert? On the positive side, extroverts are often described as talkative, sociable, action-oriented, enthusiastic, friendly, and out-going. On the negative side, they are sometimes described as attention-seeking, easily distracted, and unable to spend time alone. Some of the general characteristics associated with extroversion include:Numerous, broad interestsLikes to communicate by talkingEnjoys being at the center of attentionTends to act first before thinkingEnjoys group workFeels isolated by too much time spent aloneLooks to others and outside sources for ideas and inspirationLikes to talk about thoughts and feelings Extroversion has been correlated with a number of different outcomes. Among the positive outcomes, extroverts tend to spend more time with other people, spend more time engaged in social activities, and tend to have more friends. Research has also suggested that extroverts tend to be happier than introverts as well as being less prone to certain psychological disorders. ?? On the other hand, extroverts are also more likely to engage in risk-taking behaviors, including risky health behaviors. Think you might be an extrovert? Check out our list of five of the key traits common to this type of personality.?? You Love to Talk You dont just enjoy talking to friends, family members, and co-workers; you love to strike up conversations with total strangers. You love to meet new people and learn about their lives. Unlike introverts who tend to think before they speak, extroverts tend to speak as a way to explore and organize their thoughts and ideas. Extroverts also tend to have a wide circle of friends. Since you are so good at meeting new people, striking up conversations, and you genuinely enjoy the company of others, it probably is no surprise that making friends comes easily. Socializing Helps You Feel Energized and Inspired Do you tend to feel charged up and inspired after youve spent some time with other people? Extroverts tend to find such social interactions refreshing and they actually gain energy from such exchanges. When extroverts have to spend a lot of time alone, they often begin to feel uninspired and listless. If given a choice between spending time alone and spending time with other people, an extrovert will almost always choose to spend time with a group. You Like to Solve Problems by Discussing Them When you are facing a problem, you prefer to discuss the issues and various options with others. Talking about it helps you explore the issue in-depth and figure out which option might work the best. After a difficult day at work or school, talking about it with friends or family can help you feel less stressed out. Introverts, on the other hand, prefer to think about problems and spend time alone after a trying day. People Describe You as Friendly and Approachable Since people with this personality type love interacting with other people so much, others tend to find extroverts likable and easy to approach. At a party, an extrovert will probably be the first one to walk up to new guests and make introductions. It is for this reason that extroverts typically find it easy to meet new people and make new friends. You Are Very Open and Easy to Get to Know While introverts are sometimes perceived as closed-off and aloof, extroverts are typically very open and willing to share their thoughts and feelings. Because of this, other people generally find that extroverts are easier to get to know. A Word From Verywell Remember that extroversion isnt an all or nothing trait; its actually a continuum and some people might be very extroverted while others are less so. Extroversion is more common than introversion and is often valued since extroverts tend to be skilled at interacting with others. This does not mean, however, that one personality type is better than another. Each type has its own pluses and minuses, and you may even find that you are extroverted in some situations and more introverted in others.
Friday, May 22, 2020
The Black Hole of Calcutta was a tiny prison cell in Fort William, in the Indian city of Calcutta. According to John Zephaniah Holwell of the British East India Company, on June 20, 1756, the Nawab of Bengal imprisoned 146 British captives inside the airless room overnight Ã¢â¬â when the chamber was opened the next morning, only 23 men (including Holwell) were still alive. This story inflamed public opinion in Great Britain, and led to the characterization of the Nawab, Siraj-ud-daulah, and by extension all Indians as cruel savages. However, there is much controversy surrounding this story Ã¢â¬â though the prison was very much a real location that was later used by British troops as a storage warehouse. Controversy and Truths As a matter of fact, no contemporary sources ever corroborated Holwells story Ã¢â¬â and Holwell has since beenÃ caught fabricating other incidents of similar controversial natures. Many historians question the accuracy, positing that perhaps his account may have been a mere exaggeration or entirely a figment of his imagination. Some posit that given the dimensions of the room at 24 feet by 18 feet, it would not have been possible to cram more than about 65 prisoners into the space. Others say that if several had died, all of them inevitably would have at the same time as limited oxygen would have killed everyone simultaneously, not depriving them individually, unless Howell and his surviving crew had strangled the others to save air. The story of the Black Hole of Calcutta actually could be one of historys great scams, along with the bombing of the battleship Maine in Havana Harbor, the Gulf of Tonkin Incident, and Saddam Husseins putative weapons of mass destruction. Consequences and the Fall of Calcutta Whatever the truth of the case, the young Nawab was killed the next year at the Battle of Plassey, and the British East India Company assumed control over most of the Indian subcontinent, ending the utilization of the Black Hole of Calcutta as a place for prisoners of war. After the British conquered Nawab, they established the prison as a warehouse for stores during the preceding wars. In memory of some 70-odd troops that had supposedly died in 1756, an obelisk was erected in a graveyard in Kolkata, India. On it, the names of those that Howell wrote had died so he could live are immortalized in stone. A fun, if little-known fact: the Black Hole of Calcutta may have served as the inspiration for the name of the same Ã¢â¬â¹astrological regions of space, at least according to NASA astrophysicist Hong-Yee Chiu. Thomas Pynchon even mentions the hellish place in his book Mason Dixon. No matter how you regard this mysterious ancient prison, it has inspired folklore and artist alike since its closure.
Friday, May 8, 2020
Inside the Holocaust Inside of this report tells about Adolf Hitler and his Nazi Soldiers. The Nazi Soldiers are people who despise Jewish people. Adolf Hitler began a legacy that will never be forgotten by many Jews. Adolf Hitler started the whole Holocaust which is now history. Read on to find out more. Adolf HitlerÃ¢â¬â¢s Biography Adolf Hitler was born in Braunau Am Inn, Austria on April 20, 1889 (www.biography.com). Adolf Hitler was the fourth of six children. His brothers and sisters didnÃ¢â¬â¢t encourage anything that Hitler was involved in. HitlerÃ¢â¬â¢s parents didnÃ¢â¬â¢t even know. His parentÃ¢â¬â¢s names are Alois Hitler and Klara Plozl. Hitler moved to Germany when he was 3 years old. His mother said he was always drawing and thatÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦A woman named Ilse Koch. The Nazis called her Ã¢â¬Å"InhumaneÃ¢â¬ and Ã¢â¬Å"DepravedÃ¢â¬ (www.stormfront.org). She walked around the camp naked and if any Jew simply glanced at her she would shoot them in the head on the spot. Ilse was married so she felt mad when they looked at her. After the war she hung herself and said she was consumed by guilt in 1967. Another man named Klaus is the one who stripped the Jews and then took their clothes. He murdered them by putting them in the Gas Chambers. Camps and Killings There were exactly 14 camps. They are named Auschwitz, Balzac, Bergen, Buchenwald, Chelmno, Dachau, Flossenburg, Majdanek, Mauthausen, Ravensbruck, Sachsenhausen, lastly Sabibor. The Official name for these camps is called Concentration camps. Taking the lead with the most killings is camp Auschwitz with 2,000,000 killings. Over 1.1 Million children were killed (www.jewishhistory.com ). What Does Hitler Have Against The Jews? Hitler HATES Jews because after the World War he believes a Jew caused the loss. Hitler also believed that since his grandma died after having a Jewish doctor that the Jewish doctor made her die. This was false. She died because of cancer he just refused to believe it. He also had a Jewish art teacher that said that he cannot draw. (www.Randomfacts.com ) HitlerÃ¢â¬â¢s Death Hitler committed suicide in his Berlin bunk by swallowing a pill and then shooting himself in the head. HitlerÃ¢â¬â¢s wife that heShow MoreRelatedThe Themes and Motivations Behind George Orwells 19842682 Words Ã |Ã 11 PagesEton, several key historical happenings occurred that would shape his later years. Eric learned of the Armistice that ended World War I, (and though he was not yet politically affiliated), he also read of men by the names of Vladimir Lenin and Adolf Hitler. (Hitler, n.d. Stalin, n.d.) Though these men were involved in two very different spectrums of governance, both would later play a very important part in molding EricÃ¢â¬â¢s political ideals. While at Eton, EricÃ¢â¬â¢s tutor was A.S.F. Gow, a fellow
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
Being a Caucasian American residing in Western Massachusetts I believe that my ancestors were native from the polish and Irish descendants. According to the research I conducted I found that under this population the white people are described as those people with an origin from Europe, Middle East or North Africa, the African Ã¢â¬âAmerican or the popularly known as the Ã¢â¬Å"BlacksÃ¢â¬ are said to have originated from any black race of the Sub-Saharan Africa, the American Indians who are also referred to as the Alaska Native are those with an origin from any of the people of the North, Central and South America and are popularly known to be maintaining the affiliation of its tribe. The Asian Americans are the people originating from the Far East, South East Asia and the Indian sub-continent and lastly the Hispanics, these is the population that are said to be bi-racial. We will write a custom essay sample on Caucasian American Race in My Community or any similar topic only for you Order Now (Jessica and Claudette, 2002) In the city I find that there are more people from different origins who do not look like my ethnic group and the majority of them are the African Americans who I find to be people originating from the native Sub-Saharan Africa, who were captives that were enslaved within the boundaries of the United States although some of them originated from the voluntary African Immigrants from Africa. Whereby, in the year 1860, 3.5 million Africans were enslaved in the Southern part of the United States while 500,000 lived free across the United States. (Jessica and Claudette, 2002) How Are The Caucasian Americans Different From The African American? According to research I therefore state that in areas resided by the Caucasian American population is highly developed, taking an example of Western Massachusetts where the Asian Americans are said to be well represented in several professional sectors through which they are said to be earning higher wages especially in the sectors that involve business and technology even though they are poorly represented in the higher management levels. Under this I find that in the year 2002 the businesses for this ethnic group had recorded a number of over 1.1 million businesses where they employed more than 2million workers where they had revenue of above $326 billion. Leadership in My Community I find that inequality exist within the ethnic groups in my community, whereby according to a survey done I indicate that disparities exist among the ethnic groups under which it is said that this inequality is practiced where, higher incomes whites and Asians are discriminated from the Blacks the Native Americans.Ã I therefore say that in my community many leaders come from the rich who take the prerogative to solve problems in the city, solutions put forward by the rich have not worked at all, but have made much harsher the Caucasian American conditions for living where the problem of us the Caucasians get neglected, causing the inter-depended equations to get ever more lopsided and we are back to where we started from in our normal problems, this shows that there are no solutions that work for the poor and that if there were, communities like mine would already be using them. (Lupton Power 2002) Under leadership we find this racial discrimination has led to the following effects on the gender sensitivity in my community: Economic development under this, I find that women are said to be disadvantaged by the segregation in the distribution of income and consumption within the Western Massachusetts where the share of the national income shows that there is inequality between women and men in the society, where women are said to have a significantly lower share of national income than men in my city. Personal insecurity the racial discrimination is said to lead to gender segregation among the various ethnic groups in my community thus leading to the women to be at a risk from violence in Western Massachusetts, whereby practices such as the traditional believes where women are regarded as burdens rather than assets this is normally practiced in Western Massachusetts Media Representation of Racism in Western Massachusetts The need for dependency makes the people in my community to be looking upon the media to be given information about the events taking place and the products present in the market globally, so they have to tolerate the messages by the media so as they get the information about a particular event taking place. In this case we find that the people read, listen and interpret the message depending on their socio-economic class, gender, age, education and their ethnic backgrounds, in this manner we find that they are influenced by the media to carry out a particular action or even to copy the concepts of life shown in the message that is put across to them through advertisements. (Couldry and Curran, 2003) Ã Under this, I have found out that there is always some disinformation about my ethnic group whereby this practice is not only practiced by the business owners, but it is also used by various political leaders and the government, who influence the media organizations to disseminate certain information that is meant to undermine the Caucasian American community and their leaders in the government and through this, I find that many people are led to take an action depending on the message given to them by the media who are surely, aware that the information included in the advertisement is not true. (Couldry and Curran, 2003) Racial Discrimination in Western Massachusetts Schools The term racial discrimination creates a distinction between one group of people from another, this is normally based on the skin colour, facial features and the hair texture, it normally vary depending on the culture, and social economic factors in my communityÃ According to the secondary research that I conducted, I find that the this area is highly affected by racism in many sectors including schools where racism is practiced throughÃ the separation of students by their colour; I find that many students who attend sub-urban schools are white, since the sub-urban schools are meant for those individuals who are claimed to be belonging to a higher social class this is because the schools are claimed to be of a higher quality compared to the other schools that are attended by the Caucasian Ã children. (Darnell, James and Downey, 1998) Effects of Racial Segregation in Schools I found out that, teachers in many schools are said to be practicing discipline on students depending on the race, gender and socio-economic factors, though many people including teachers, argue that the discipline and policy practices in schools are balanced and objective, there are still main causes that lead to an increase in the number of students of colour being send out of school, there are various causes of racial inequality in discipline implementation in many public schools in my community andÃ these include; Cultural Insensitivity And Misunderstanding; I find that this has been said to be the major factor leading to crisis in discipline systems both in students and the teaching staff that is believed to be leading to the distinction between racial and ethnic groups among students. Due to the growing urban population in my community, many suburban schools are growing, thus increasing the racial and language differences On contrary, the number of teachers decreases as a result of color and social differences in which I find thatÃ many school Administrators employ teachers depending on the number of the colour of the students, this has probably led to a cultural variance through which a number of teachers lack knowledge with the cultural values, and belief systems of the particular students. Therefore due to lack of the teachersÃ¢â¬â¢ familiarity with the studentsÃ¢â¬â¢ cultural perspectives the teacher is not able to understand the behaviour of a particular student. (Darnell, James and Downey, 1998) Psychological Insinuation racial discrimination is said to be having psychological implication on various children in the society since the children are forced to participate in a particular culture at school which needs them to alter to their home cultures through this the students face a variety of conflicts giving rise to a psychological and identity problem. Socio-Economic Factors; this is normally experienced in many schools creating differences among the members in the learning institution. For example in a situation where we find a teacher living in a middle social class that has a uniform way of living and a lower income student living in an economically troubled society, this differences between the teacher and the student is said to complicate the relationship between the two groups. (Karl and Linda 1997) Alienation this normally occurs in children due to the assimilation policies that are imposed in schools which are normally meant to break the conversion of culture and language from an older generation to a younger generation this leads to the alienating of the native children from their society older to younger stimulating the identity crisis within their societies. This alienation can lead social isolation that might also lead to depression through stress anger and fatigue which normally happen to detract the student from performing in schools. I therefore argue that, racial discrimination in Western Massachusetts Ã schools has a diversified effects on the students which normally differ with the presence of many factors including those of self attitudes and the cultural and socio-economic backgrounds this factors target the performance of the students whereby a negative impact is brought that is when a school administration fails to address the needs of its students this may be done when the school administers in formulating its curricula that include the exclusion of minority cultures and languages which proves to lack relevance to the students thus making the students to loose interest whereby they fail to attend school and some of them dropping out of schools due to the boredom caused by the school curricula this course may also lead to a low literacy rate among the members of the society. Recommendation I therefore conclude that, in most cases lack of motivation leads to, absenteeism, poor performance, lack of involvement in activities, and dropout cases in schools. Most students are said to be undergoing various challenges while at school, these problems may include: fear of failure, lack of academic success, social pressures, lack of confidence in themselves, misplacement of papers and books, frequent absenteeism, lack of motivation and quietness at school as a result of racial discrimination. I recommend teachers in Western Massachusetts to focus on the studentsÃ¢â¬â¢ problems culturally, linguistically and socially and at the same time, they should encourage the students to choose subjects that are of interest to them. The government plays a role of ensuring that commitments to equal rights and opportunities are upheld and delivered, by setting an enabling environment for gender and racial equality at the country level and in the Western Massachusetts community through the formulation and implementation of conferences and international conformities. Therefore, I recommend that the governments should empower the poor Caucasian American community by improving the internal governance structures, finance management systems, skills knowledge and abilities. Promote linkages, learning and dialogue between the poor and support the formation of umbrella groups that can effectively negotiate member interests with outside activists. Reference Couldry N. and Curran, J. (2003) Ã¢â¬â Contesting Media Power, Alternative media in a Networked world, Lanham Oxford, Rowman Littlefield Darnell A. Downey D. (1998):-Assessing the Oppositional Culture Explanation for Racial/Ethnic Differences in School Performance American Sociological Review 63: 536-553. Jessica S. and Claudette E (2002) Ã The Asian Population: 2000. Census Bureau publication, c2kbr01-16 Karl, A. and Linda, N. (1997): Children, Schools, and Inequality: Boulder, Co- Westview Lupton, R Power A. (2002). Ã¢â¬Å"Social Exclusion and Neighbourhoods In Understanding Social ExclusionÃ¢â¬ Hills J, Le Grand J. Piachaud D. Edn pp. 118- 140. Oxford: Oxford University Press. How to cite Caucasian American Race in My Community, Essay examples
Tuesday, April 28, 2020
Sibling Rivalry Sibling rivalry will always occur in a household of more than one child whether through comparison, fighting, jealousy, or by other means. Parents and children both contribute to the rivalry. It will occur on a daily, weekly, and even an hourly basis. Sibling rivalry may become difficult and annoying to parents, but they must deal with it day after day. In definition, sibling rivalry is when one sibling or more compete with one another or try to emulate each other .Rivalry is different from fighting. It appears when children compete for their parents' love and attention (Faull 88). Sibling relationships can be a key to rivalry. An intense relationship includes love and hate, play and fight, and the teasing and mocking of each other. There are some questions on why certain siblings get along harmoniously and affectionately, while there are others that constantly fight (Dunn front flap). Siblings usually have a very harsh relationship when they are young. As they mature, they become better friends and start getting into fewer and fewer fights .Brothers and sisters sometimes work together to get through jams. Siblings occasionally team up to trick or get back at a parent in revenge (Faber and Mazlish 27-28). Aggression is very frequent in sibling relationships. In one study, 29% of behavior observed between siblings was hostile (Dunn 22). It is usually the older child being aggressive to the younger one, but the younger child may become increasingly aggressive as he/she grows. In one Canadian study, a family where the mother is very friendly to the second born at the eight month stage, the two children were very opposed to each other six months later (Dunn 98). There are many siblings that take their aggression to the extremes, and others who travel through phases of rivalry, then end in a close, loving relationship (?Sibling Aggression?). Plus, not all rivalry is negative. Birth order greatly affects the relationships between siblings. Frank J. Sulloway, writer of Born to Rebel, had this to say about birth order, ?Few aspects of human behavior can claim such generalizability (as birth order) across class, nationality, gender, and time.? Birth order is the ultimate cause of behavior; it is destiny?if not entirely, then pretty nearly so (Epstein 51). First children tend to accomplish more than their siblings do because their parents expect more of them. All children in a family behave differently because of the way they are or were treated by their parents and others. The first child is very bossy to younger sibs, and has strong beliefs about what is right or wrong, and how his younger sibs should behave. He/she does not let the younger ones get away with something they could not do at their age. The second or middle child does not expect to get his or her own way much. They learn to achieve what they want through indirect means. The third or youngest ch ild learns that the best method for him to get his way is by being nice. He frequently does what he wants and gets away with it because others do not notice (Ames and Haber 63-66). Sibling rivalry has many causes that both parents and children can bring about. Parents create rivalry problems by comparison and favoritism. They have to see their kids as separate individuals, and not compare them. The parents have to make sure that comparisons do not lead to them buying one thing for a child's need, and then buying the same item for the other child even though he does not need it. There are certain types of comparison: positive and pressure. Positive comments can start problems between siblings (i. e. ?I see from your homework that you are a math whiz, just like your sister!? Kent 80). ?Children may feel resentful when parents push them into each other's turf,? reports Kathy Thorburg, Ph.D (quoted in Kent 80). When a parent compares two siblings, it puts pressure in sports, school, and any other aspects of life on the younger child . Parents inadvertently play favorites with their children. The favorite child may not always be the cutest, smartest, kindest, or mo st thoughtful. It is natural to feel a preference to one